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Avian influenza, or bird flu as it is more commonly known, was discovered over a century ago in Italy and to this point, there are several strains of the chicken flu virus. Many of those strains have become deadly, notably the H5 and H7 strains. The deadliest one thus far, the H5N1 strain, has reportedly killed 70 people in Asia alone within the final two years. Many scientists believe that if correct motion will not be taken, chook flu has the potential to be the fourth main pandemic within the world.

Influenza has affected the lives of so many individuals, significantly within the twentieth century. The Spanish Flu of 1918, Asian Flu of 1957 and Hong Kong Flu of 1968 killed at the very least 20 million folks worldwide.

Chicken flu can spread rapidly because the chicken flu virus is typically discovered in the intestines of migrant birds that journey great distances. Fowl flu spreads when different birds, chickens or geese are available in contact with an infected bird's saliva, nasal secretions or feces. Birds fall ill and die within 48 hours of contracting the virus. People who work together with contaminated birds with out proper protecting gear are additionally at risk.

There are four reasons that scientists believe that chook flu could change into a pandemic.

1. Many international locations, specifically third world international locations, do not have the correct amenities in place to deal with the bird flu problem. With out these facilities, there is a high risk of the chook flu virus spreading.

2. No vaccine has been totally developed and tested to combat bird flu virus. Using amantadine and rimantadine, two medicine which might be used to deal with influenza, on those contaminated with the virus has not been successful. Even though analysis is underway, there's still no known remedy for chook flu in humans. Ought to a pandemic occur, it would take at the very least four months to produce vaccines that may be distributed to folks affected by the disease.

3. The avian influenza virus impacts birds and pigs. Nevertheless, because the virus has different strains and they easily mutate, scientists concern the virus may evolve into something worse and affect humans directly. The virus could change into airborne and be transmitted from one human to another.

4. People who work in farms and are in the poultry and livestock industry many not have the proper equipment and adequate safety against the disease.

A human who is possibly contaminated with bird flu could show symptoms similar to human influenza. An individual with chook flu will expertise fever, sore throat and muscle pains. Because of the similarity of symptoms between chook flu and human flu, a person with hen flu could be mistakenly recognized with human flu. However, advanced signs of fowl flu embody eye infections and respiratory issues, which might grow to be life threatening.
In 1997, when an outbreak of bird flu happenred in Hong Kong, 18 individuals have been contaminated and six had been killed. As a fast response, Hong Kong's entire poultry population, which was estimated at 1.5 million, was killed. Many believe that this rapid response to the fowl flu outbreak was one of the best resolution and helped avert it from becoming a pandemic.

Typically, there's little risk of most individuals getting infected with hen flu since it requires shut or direct interplay with infected birds or fowl feces. Since the number of people that has been infected with the illness is still low and confined to a few children and adults, there isn't any severe cause of alarm yet. However, for many who have fixed contact with birds, the risk becomes very high throughout outbreaks in native poultry

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